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Kamchatka geysers and hot springs

Nihongo no Kamchatka
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Kamchatka nature, hot springs.

Valley of geysers
Uzon volcano caldera
Vjlcanoes |Reservoims| Natural memorials

Hydrothermal systems and their superficial displays - hot sources and geysers - are frequently connected basically to the same depths zones of a break, as volcanos.
On a terrestrial surface they settle down on a place of the destroyed ancient more often volcanos in caldera, at a bottom of the modern volcano and are closely connected with occurrence of volcanism.
The Kamchatka - is an ideal place for occurrence of hydrothermal systems.
At active tectonic activity in an earth's crust there are breaks, cracks on underground and superficial cold waters will penetrate on significant depth.
Heated up by the body of the volcanic centers, they rise on a surface and are given vent as hot sources.
Rising on a surface, water passes long and difficult ways, loses heat. Cold sources are formed.
Filling in cracks, pairs or hot water influences rocks, in part dissolve them, are enriched with various layers.
Such waters refer to mineral. Depending on quantity of salts sources are fres and salty.
On Kamchatka basically poorly mineral waters - hot and cold.
Sources frequently settle down in river valleys, at the bottom and on the slopes of volcanos.
In total on peninsula it is totaled more than 200 groups of mineral sources, 124 of them are hot.
The temperature of water is from 12 up to 100 degrees by Celcium.
To the largest hydrothermal systems concern Kireunskaya, Apachinskaya, Schapinskaya, the Valley of geysers, caldera of Uzon, Karymskaya, Malkinskaya, Nalychevskaya, Bannaya, Paratunskaya, Mutnovsko-zhirovskaya, Hodutkinskaya, Pauzhetskaya, Koshelevskaya.
Besides sources of these systems mud and water boilers, are characteristic numerous soaring and heated up platforms.
Here it is possible to observe adjournment of salts, minerals and deep processing of volcanic breeds.
In hot water contains much silica and at cooling the drops out in a deposit which refers to geyserite.

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Paratunkinskiye springs.

Malkinskiye springs.

Nalichevsiye springs.

Viluchinskie springs.

Malie Bannie springs.

Khodutkinskie springs.

Verhne-Girovskye springs.

Nijne-Girovskye springs.

Kraevedcheskiye springs.

Talovskiye springs.

Karymchinskiye springs.

Timonovskiye springs.

Bolishe-Bannie springs.

Travel Kamchatka, information
Paratunka hot springs.  

Three groups of Paratunskiye hot springs are situated in the Valley of Paratunka River.

Verchne-Paratunskiye hot springs are situated 20 km from the village up the Valley, on the left side of the river.
The springs run out from the cracks in a rock from the hight of 70 m on a steep slope of the Goryachaya Mountain.
The temperature of the springs is 65-70 degrees.

The Sredne-Paratunskaya group is situated 6 km from the village Paratunka up the Valley .
Hot water runs out on the left side of a little tributary of the Paratunka river, sometimes it runs down through термофилные green aquatic plant film, covering the bank.
On the plot deep drills are sinked.
Hot water pours by them on the surface.

Nizhne-Paratunskaya group is situated on the area of settlement of the same name on the left side of the river.
These are the most famous springs of Kamchayka.
It is noted several plots of ways out of hot waters in the bed of little river Haikovaiy and of brook Korkin.
The maximum temperature of water in the springs is 42 degrees, in pores 84-100.
Today thermal water is brought out on the surface by numerous pores and is used in preventoriums.

Kamchatka Mutnovskiy volcano

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Malkinskiye springs.  

The springs are situated in the picturesque locality to the east from the settlement Malki, on the left side of the little river Kluchevkaia (left tributary of the river Bistraya), in 4 km from motorway of Milkovo.
The valley of the river is restricted by hills from both sides, grown with stone-birch forest.
On the small termal ground, covered with галечником, грифоны are situated, in which termal water of springd mixes with cold water of river.
Waters of the springs гидрокарбонатно-хлоридно-сульфатные натриевые, which contain кремнекислоту, метаборную и мышьяковистую acids, and also bromine in little quantity.
Composition of gas is nitric.
Bathing in unusual for urban life conditions gives a great pleasure, and number of those who wish to enjoy rich gifts of depths of Kamchatka, increases every year.

Kamchatka hot springs

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Nalichevskie springs.  

Nalichevskiye termal springs - are the greatest in Kamchatka carbonic-acid springs - are situated in land between two rivers of Goriachaia and Zheltaia at the area more than 2 km/2.
At the foot of the mountain Kruglaia deposits of springs have formed a great, with the area more than 50000km/2 travertine shield with dome, put together from carbonate and glandular-arsenious precipitation (the dome has got the name "boiler").
By its outlying area goes a lot of hot springs, which form the brook.
The dome is surrounded by termal bogs.
In flood-lands of Goriachaia on the extent of 2,5 km ways out of terms are concentrated in the form of short hot brooks, flowing into the cold river, and also in the form of shallow little lakes, pools and mags.
In these brooks and little lakes enormous colonies of thermophilic aquatic plants have grown, which have formed thick mates of different colours - pillows.

The same springs are situated on the river Zheltaia in 600 m from the mouth.
From "boiler" to the river Goriachaia in 1959 year four drill holes are bored, one of which still pours out.
Altogether in this group there is about 100 springs and pumpings out of termal waters with the temperature from 14 to 75 degrees.
Their total visible discharge is about 80 l/s, and together with well-spring of drills - 110 l/s.
Waters of Nalichevskie springs refer to rather seldom hydrochemical type: "carbonic-acid, arsenious, boric, siliceous sodium chloride-calcium termal waters of average mineralization".
Springs differ one from another by degree of dilution by cold surface waters.
They are - weakly acid or weaklyalkali (рН 5,9-7,8), with general mineralization from 3,7 to 12 g/l and contain a lot of seldom elements (fluorine, bromine, yogi, lithium, rubidium, arsenic, boron, strontium, antimony, germanium and other).
The same elements in rather high concentrations are in precipitation, which deposit in places of waters ways out on the surface.

Kamchatka, Nalichevo hot springs

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Viluchinskie springs  

consist of two groups of springs with temperature of water from 40` to 60`С, situated in picturesque valley of the river Vilucha among small-leaved forests and bushes; the springs are decorated with travertine domes and thick colonies of thermophilic aquatic plants with specific biological associations; slopes of the valley of the river are comfortable for skiing; and a little higher of the springs the river forms wonderful waterfall with the height 40 m.

Kamchatka Dachniye hot springs

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Bolishe-Bannie springs.  

famous from time when S.P.Krasheninnikov visited them (1737-1740.)
They are situated on надпойменной terrace of the left side of r.Bannaia and are represented by 24 groups on the termal area about 1,5 km.
Here there are more than 550 boiling, seething, spouting, sometimes with regime of geyser, concentrated, more seldom - scattered ways out of termal water, and also dirty boilers.
Walls of separate грифонов and grounds arround them are covered with гейзеритом.
Massive plates of гейзерита, baring above урезом of water in r.Bannaia witness past activity of these springs,
Chemical composition of springs water is mostly сульфатный натриевый with general минерализацией 0,7-1,4 g/l with substance кремнекислоты to 300 mg/l.
In composition of спонтанного gas prevail nitrogen and СО2.
There is boron and arsenic in very little quantities in the water and гейзерите.

Kamchatka, Tolbachick volcano area

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Malie Bannie springs.  

situated in 5 km from Bolshe-Bannie, and also in the upper waters of r.Bannaia (left side), on the right side of r.Maliy spring.
Visible ways out of hot water with temperature to 76`С are concentrated on the little area (about 36 m2), from there begins the warm brook.
In the places of termal water ways out on pebble выпоты of white salts (сульфаты и гейзерит) are formed, and arround the ways out - are usual термофильные aquatic plants.
Chemical composition of water is the same with Bolshe-Bannie springs, Сульфатный натриевый.

Kamchatka Tolbachick vilcano

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Khodutkinskie springs.  

In the south of Kamchatka, at the foot of volcanoes Khodutka and Priemish is situated one of the most astonishing places of the peninsular - Khodutkinskie hot springs.
Situated in the crater of volcanic explosion, these are ones of the biggest springs in Kamchatka.
Combination of picturesque landscapes, rich flora and fauna, soft microclimate and natural pool of river Goriachaia, with water of any temperature useful for bathing, makes this place rather attractive for rest in winter and summer.
River Goriachaia carries out 115 l/s of water, heated from 49`С (in upper waters) to 37`С (in mouth).
Temperature of the springs, situated on the bank of the river and on the bed, reaches 80`С.
Spots of heated soil adjoin the shores of the lake, partially without vegetation and with dry funnel-shaped dips.
By chemical composition water hydrogen carbonate-chloride-sodium with high mineralization (0,5 g/l) and with substance of silicon acids to 90 mg/l.
Along gryphons and by the banks of the river develope thermophilic aquatic plants of different colours.

In Khodutkinskie springs the tourictic base for 20 people is built.
At disposal of visitors are numbers for five, four and two places,
situated in two cottages, rooms for rest, canteen, on the bank of the river - comfortable bath-house.
Living is possible all year round.

Kamchatka flyfishing

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Верхне-Жировские источники   

находятся в верховьях р.Жировой, на ее левом берегу.
Участок выхода источников и паровых струй представляет собой труднодоступное ущелье с очень крутыми бортами высотой в несколько сот метров.
Термальные источники и паровые струи разбросаны на большой площади.
Почти все они находятся на крутых склонах или в крутопадающих промоинах.
Выделяются три участка, на которых, как и на участках СевероМутновских терм, есть и паровые струи, и грязевые котлы, и прогретые площадки с температурой кипения, а ниже по склону, у уреза воды в реке Жировая - источники с температурой 60-72`С.
Химический состав кондесата пара сульфатно-кальциево-натриевый с невысокой общей минерализацией 0,2-0,5 г/л.

Kamchatka valley of geysers

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Нижне-Жировские источники  

находятся в 9 км от устья р.Жировой на высокой пойме правого берега.
Грунт на ключевом поле размером 120 на 60 м прогрет до 40-60`С.
Выходы термальных вод представляют собой кипящие водоемы диаметром до 2 м, есть грифоны без видимого стока, горячие родники у основании склона долины.
На площадке оборудована небольшая ванна.
Температура - 42-98`С.
На левом берегу реки, в 500 м от основной группы источников, есть еще две термальные площадки, каждая из которых размером 150 на 70 м собирает в ручьи термальные воды с температурой 35-84`С.
В руслах ручьев развиты сине-зеленые водоросли, на которых оседают осадки из вод, придавая им вид бороды.
Эти вытянутые вдоль русла бороды наблюдаются почти до устьев речьев, где они впадают в р.Жировую.
Химический состав воды хлоридно-натриевый с общей минерализацией 1,2-1,5г/л.
Состав спонтанного газа углекисло-азотный.

Explore Kamchatka Uzon volcano

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Краеведческие источники  

расположены по берегам реки Таловая в 2 км выше ее впадения в реку Шайбная.
Расстояние до Налычевских источников 8 км.
Выходы термальных вод в виде отдельных грифонов и слабых высачиваний прослеживаются в заболоченной пойме реки на протяжении 100 м.
Температура воды 32-52`С, суммарный дебит 7л/сек, на вкус она горько-соленая, а ее состав подобен составу Налычевских терм, но с большей минерализацией.
Краеведческие термы не отлагают травертинов; в их газовом составе больше азота.

Kamchatka Maliy Semyachick volcano

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Таловские источники  

находятся в 6 км от Налычевских на левом борту долины Порожистой.
Выходы прослеживаются на протяжении 1 км, их температура 31-38`С, суммарный видимый дебит 6 л/сек.
Установлена скрытая разгрузка в аллювий.
Основные выходы источников - так называемый "Таловый котел" - находятся на поляне в густом березовом лесу.
Здесь, у подножия холма, образовались два ярко-оранжевых травертиновых конуса диаметром по 45 м и высотой 13 м.
По поверхности травертинов стекают теплые ручьи.
Пространство между куполами и у подножия заболочено.
Вода Таловских источников относится к тому же гидрохимическому типу, что и Налычевских, но содержание сульфата и гидрокарбоната в ней несколько выше.
В травертинах таловых источников, кроме того, больше мышьяковистых осадков.

Kamchatka Karimskiy volcano

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Карымчинские горячие источники  

расположены в узкой долине, окруженной высокими скалистыми вершинами хребтов.
Это многочисленные растянувшиеся вдоль реки на 4 км выходы воды с температурой до 65`С и очень небольшим стоком.
На правом берегу горячая вода вытекает из низкого берегового обрыва, образуя красивые хрупкие разноцветные, обросшие теплолюбивыми водорослями, натеки.
На площадке выкопаны грунтовые ванны.

Kamchatka

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Тимоновские источники  

находятся в живописном уголке Камчатки, на территории Тимоновского зоологического заказника в 90 км от города Елизово (полет на вертолете занимает 25 - 30 минут).
Целебные свойства источников привлекают сюда туристов круглый год.
Показания к применению вод разнообразны: нарушения в опорно-двигательном аппарате, заболевания лор-органов, нарушения обмена веществ, гинекологические заболевания, поражения периферической нервной системы, заболевания органов пищеварения, кожные болезни.
Воды могут быть рекомендованы как для приема общих ванн, так и для внутреннего употребления.
Вы можете принимать ванны в природных источниках у реки или купаться в специально оборудованных термальных ваннах в доме и бассейне на открытом воздухе.
Для активного отдыха организуются пешеходные прогулки к водопадам, к местам выхода источников.
К услугам туристов комфортабельная туристическая база на 20 человек (4-х местные номера, туалет, душ), столовая, оздоровительный комплекс с термальными ваннами, тренажеры, бильярд, бассейн на открытом воздухе.
Проживание возможно в летне-осенний период.

Kamchatka Dzenzoor volcano

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